Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Abrasive

Abrasive Abrasives are substances, natural or synthetic, used for cleaning, polishing or wear materials. For metals are generally used synthetic abrasives such as silicon carbide.

Acid Food

Acid Food Are those that absorb metals, generating a chemical reaction between copper and acid harmful to human health. Among these foods we have tomatoes, citrus fruits and spicy foods with lemon or vinegar.

Alcohol carbonic anhydride

Alcohol carbonic anhydride Alcohol and carbonic gas (carbon dioxide).

Aniseed

Aniseed Aniseed is an herbaceous plant from the Mediterranean. It has excellent antiseptic properties and is often used as a condiment, for flavoring eau-de-vies, for oral hygiene, as an insect repellent and to for making essential oils due to its therapeutic properties.

Anti - Pathogenic

Anti - Pathogenic A pathogen is an organism with the capability of producing infectious diseases. An Anti - Pathogen is an agent that fights these infectious organisms.

Aromatic Herbs

Aromatic Herbs

Aromatic herbs are herbs with aromatic leaves, flowers, stems or roots that impart flavor and aroma to food or spirituous beverages. Many aromatic herbs have therapeutic properties that have been known since antiquity and have been used for making essential oils used in aromatherapy.


Ayurveda

Ayurveda Medicine developed in India 7000 years ago, considered as the mother of medicine. In Sanskrit means Science of Life. According to Ayurveda, the disease starts before it is viewable. Therefore, the individual must maintain healthy body through healthy tissue, this being achieved through food. Their techniques involve physical therapy, yoga, massage and a proper diet.

Baking Soda

Baking Soda Also called sodium hydrogen carbonate, comprises sodium (Na) and bicarbonate (HCO3), being a white crystalline solid with alkali and water-soluble flavor. It is used as antacids (for stomach), such as leavening (for cooking), and as removing lacquer and varnish (metal) agent.

Bending

Bending

Process for shape changing which consists in allowing plastic deformation of the plate in order to make cylindrical or conical surfaces or prismatic geometry.


Brandy

Brandy Term that designates alcoholic spirits distilled from wine or the residue of the wine making process (grape skins). Fruit brandies are made from fermented fruit mash. Brandies are traditionally served after dinner.

Brass

Brass

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc.


Brewing

Brewing Cooking malt in order to extract the sugars needed for fermentation beer.

Bronze

Bronze Alloy made of copper and tin, and with varying ratios of elements such as zinc, aluminum, phosphorus, among others.

Bronze Age

Bronze Age

Period of civilization in which occurred the development of this alloy resulting from mixing copper with tin.


Chlorine

Chlorine Gaseous chemical element with strong smell and highly toxic. It is widely used for sanitary purposes, for water purifiers, having also industrial application in the production of synthetic glycerin, carbon tetrachloride, chlorobenzene, among others

Cinnamon

Cinnamon Spice obtained from the inner part of the bark of the cinnamon tree (small tree). It is widely used in cooking as a flavoring and condiment. Contains high levels of potassium, vitamin A and C, iron, calcium and magnesium.

Cloves

Cloves Oriental aromatic plant currently cultivated in all regions of the world, used in cooking, in the manufacturing of cosmetics, essential oils and dental drugs. Its antiseptic properties have long been recognized, which explains the fact that in the third century BC existed, between the Chinese, a tradition of chewing cloves before talking with the Imperator

CO2

CO2 More known as carbon dioxide, is a chemical compound consisting of two atoms of oxygen and carbon being essential for life on the planet

Copper

Copper Metal widely used in view of their characteristics: excellent electrical conductor, cleaner, malleability, anti - pathogenicall properties. Copper is used for making electrically conductive material (wires, cables), metal alloys (brass, copper), and stills, among others

Coriander

Coriander Aromatic plant originated in Southeast Asia and northern Africa, holds a characteristic smell and is widely used in Mediterranean cuisine. The leaves, roots, flowers and seeds of coriander are still used to flavor perfumes, liquors and produce essential oils, which act as an antispasmodic, stimulant and stomachic

Corrosion

Corrosion Corrosion is the transformation of a material caused by chemically interacting with the environment

Cumin

Cumin Plants of the family of Apiacea which leaves and grains are called cumin. These are used in cooking as a spice or condiment. They have antacid, laxative, digestive, diuretic properties, among others

Debris

Debris The remainder residue of any substance

Eau-de-Vie

Eau-de-Vie A generic term for alcoholic beverages obtained from the fermentation and subsequent distillation of various fruits, cereals and aromatic plants

Ebullition

Ebullition Transition of a substance from a liquid to a gaseous state. Water evaporates at 100 ° C, the level of the sea water, but the alcohol is more volatile so that it evaporates at 78.35 ° C

Enzymes

Enzymes Proteins that act as catalysts in most biochemical reactions by lowering the activation energy which is required for each chemical reaction. Because they are efficient catalysts, are used for industrial applications such as in the pharmaceutical industry or in food.

Escherichia coli o157

Escherichia coli o157 The Escherichia coli is a bacterial parasite found in the human intestine. The presence of E. coli in food is proof of contamination with fecal matter. The Escherichia coli 0157 is one of the more dangerous strains of this bacteria and may cause internal infection accompanied by bleeding.

Fermentation

Process of conversion of sugars (sucrose, glucose, fructose) into alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide by the action of yeast cells.


Feuerzangenbowle

Feuerzangenbowle Traditional alcoholic drink made in Germany where bread is soaked in rum and sugar and burned and drained in hot wine. It is often part of a tradition of Christmas or New Year.

Food Mill

Food Mill Manual cooking utensil in stainless steel, usually used for grating or pass food.

Galvanic Cell

Commonly known as electric cell, it is a device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy.


Glucids

Glucids Same as Carbohydrates.

Glühwein

Glühwein Mulled wine is a beverage usually made with red wine, along with various spices and raisins. It is served hot or warm and can be alcoholic or non-alcoholic. It is a traditional drink, drunk especially at Christmas and Halloween.

Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin Hemoglobin is a metal protein containing iron present in red blood cells (erythrocytes), which allows the transport of oxygen through the circulatory system.

Holistic Medicine

Holistic Medicine Holistic medicine refers to medical treatment based on the theory that organisms and the environment work together as one. The holistic approach emphasizes the response to disease not only through the physical aspect, but also the psychological and social.

Hop

Hop Plant traditionally used in the process of making beer. During the cooking process the plant releases its hop resins giving the characteristic bitter taste to the beverage flavor.

Hot Chilli

Hot Chilli Also known as Chili, is a variety of Capsicum Frutescens, widely used in world cuisine. It is mainly used to flavor foods, giving them a far more pungent taste.

Induction Hob

Induction Hob Heating utensil similar to a ceramic hob, used for heating pots and pans in order to cook food.

Inoculation

Inoculation The inoculation is the act of introducing a vaccine, a toxin, or other germs in a body, human or animal.

Iron

Iron Transition metal currently used for the production of steel. It is also used for production of a metal alloy for the manufacturing of tools, machines, or as a structural element for the construction of bridges and buildings.

Jeweler’s Rouge

Jeweler’s Rouge Also known as iron oxide (III) is the chemical formula Fe2O3 and has paramagnetic properties.

Ketchup

Ketchup The ketchup is a tomato-based condiment, usually used to flavor foods such as French fries or burgers. It is also used as a metal cleaner.

Laurel

Laurel It is a tree native of the Mediterranean. Its leaves are used as a spice in cooking.

Maceration

Maceration Maceration is the method of extracting active ingredients from a substance. This method is used for making liqueurs and extracting essential oils. When making liqueurs, fruit or aromatic plants are placed in alcohol in order to dissolve its active components. Essential oils are extracted using solvents.

Malt

Malt Barley or some other grains that have undergone the malting process.

Malting

Malting This is a process in whiskey production which involves the soaking and germination of barley grains and subsequent drying. During this process some starches are converted to sugars.

Marinade

Marinade Cooking technique which consists in placing the food in a mixture of water, salt and other seasonings in order to enhance the flavor. Previously this method was used to preserve food.

Marmelade

Marmelade Regional specialty dessert made with quinces and sugar.

Maturation

Ripening stage of food or beverages until they are able to be consumed.


Metallic Alloy

A metallic alloy is a material with metallic properties which contain two or more chemical elements of which at least one is metal.


Microfiber

Microfiber Very slim synthetic fiber from whom are made textiles also called microfiber.

Microrganism

Microrganism Organisms of small size that can only be seen through microscopes.

Must

Must Pressed mass of grapes in their juice where fermentation will take place.

Neolitics

Last period of the Stone Age.


Nylon

Nylon Type of synthetic fiber used for making clothing.

Organoleptic properties

Organoleptic properties Characteristics of objects that can be perceived by human senses, such as color, brightness, light, odor, texture, sound and taste

Oxidation

Oxidation Oxidation is the decomposition of essential oils when exposed to oxygen.

Oxides

Oxides are chemical compounds comprising oxygen atoms with another element. Examples of oxides coexist with which are: rust (iron oxide III), carbon dioxide (carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide IV) or lime (calcium oxide).


Paella

Paella Typical dish of Catalonia made of rice, vegetables, chicken and seafood. It is made in a container called Paellera or paella type pan.

Parsley

Parsley Parsley is a native herbaceous plant of the Mediterranean region. It is heavily used in cooking to flavor foods.

Pasteurization

Pasteurization

Pasteurization is a process that is used with food in order to destroy microorganisms that may exist in them.


Pepper

Pepper Pepper is a fruit of the species Capsicum Annuum family widely used in cooking throughout the world.

Pork caul

Fat on the liver and kidneys of the pork.


Potassium sulfide

Potassium sulfide is the inorganic compound of chemical formula K2S. This colorless solid when pure is rarely seen because it reacts rapidly with water to produce disulfide (KSH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH).


Quince

Quince Originating fruit from the quince tree usually used to make the preparation of marmalade or other regional sweets.

Rum

Rum Rum is a distilled beverage made from molasses and may have distinctive properties depending on the country of origin.

Saffron

Saffron Saffron is extracted from the stigmas of the saffron plant (Crocus sativus). It has been used since ancient times as a spice, especially in Mediterranean dishes, risottos, pastas, pastries and paella. It is one of the most expensive spices in the world, being rich in vitamin A and C, calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium.

Semolina

Semolina Semolina is the name given to the result of incomplete grain mill. It is generally thicker than flour and it has a granulated texture obtained by grinding hard grains, being the noble part of the wheat, corn or rice.

Sieve

Sieve This perforated plate is incorporated in some alembics especially for the steam distillation units to separate the organics from the water or eau-de-vie. It may also be sold separately for placing at the base of the alembic pot to avoid burning the mash or caramelizing the sugars present.

Sodium Silicate

Sodium Silicate Also known as liquid glass and water glass, is a compound of formula Na2SiO3, used in cements, passive fire protection, refractories production of textiles and wood.

Sugar

Sugar Carbohydrate found naturally in fruits and vegetables. Sugar may be made from sugar cane, sugar beet or corn. When added to a must or wash it accelerates the fermentation process. Invert sugar: Is obtained by heating sugar syrup and acidic substances to break down sucrose into its basic components - glucose and fructose. Raw sugar: This type of sugar is not fully processed. It may include demerara and muscovado which do not undergo the refining process.

Tin

Tin Metal used to produce metal alloys used to coat other metals in order to protect them from corrosion.

Tinning

Coating of another metal with a tin coating process.


Trisodium Phosphate

Cleaning agent powder (white) usually used as stain remover or degreaser.


Vanilla

Vanilla It is used as a spice flavoring, being obtained by Vanilla Orchids. It is the second most expensive spice next to saffron, being used in sweets, perfumes and aromatherapy. It has antiseptic, digestive, stimulant and tonic antispasmodic properties.

Vinegar

Vinegar Derives from the French vinaigre, and it means sour wine. Compound widely used for seasoning food.

Yeast

This micro-organism is absolutely vital in the fermentation.